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Microsoft Azure Architect Design (AZ-304)

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Microsoft Azure Architect Design (AZ-304) Practice Exam

Format – Practice Exam

No. of Questions – 387 Questions

MCQ and Answers with Explanations

Last Update – 27th May 2022

Microsoft Azure Architect Design (AZ-304) exam measures your ability to accomplish the following technical tasks: design monitoring; design identity and security; design data storage; design business continuity; and design infrastructure.

Description

Microsoft Azure Architect Design (AZ-304) Practice Exam

Format – Practice Exam

No. of Questions – 387 Questions

MCQ and Answers with Explanations

  1. Last Update – 27th May 2022

Microsoft Azure Architect Design (AZ-304)

About Microsoft Azure Architect Design (AZ-304)

Microsoft Azure Architect Design (AZ-304) exam measures your ability to accomplish the following technical tasks: design monitoring; design identity and security; design data storage; design business continuity; and design infrastructure.

Who should take this exam?

Candidates for this exam should have subject matter expertise in designing and implementing solutions that run on Microsoft Azure, including aspects like compute, network, storage, and security. Responsibilities for an Azure Solution Architect include advising stakeholders and translating business requirements into secure, scalable, and reliable cloud solutions. An Azure Solution Architect partners with cloud administrators, cloud DBAs, and clients to implement solutions.

Skills Required

A candidate for this exam should have advanced experience and knowledge of IT operations, including networking, virtualization, identity, security, business continuity, disaster recovery, data platform, budgeting, and governance–this role should manage how decisions in each area affect an overall solution. In addition, this role should have expert-level skills in Azure administration and have experience with Azure development and DevOps processes.

Course Outline

The Microsoft Azure Architect Design (AZ-304) Exam covers the following topics –

1. Design Monitoring (10-15%)

1.1 Design for cost optimization

  • recommend a solution for cost management and cost reporting
  • recommend solutions to minimize costs

1.2 Design a solution for logging and monitoring

  • determine levels and storage locations for logs
  • plan for integration with monitoring tools including Azure Monitor and Azure Sentinel
  • recommend appropriate monitoring tool(s) for a solution choose a mechanism for event routing and escalation
  • recommend a logging solution for compliance requirements

2. Design Identity and Security (25-30%)

2.1 Design authentication

  • recommend a solution for single-sign-on
  • recommend a solution for authentication
  • recommend a solution for Conditional Access, including multi-factor authentication
  • recommend a solution for network access authentication
  • recommend a solution for a hybrid identity including Azure AD Connect and Azure AD

2.2 Connect Health

  • recommend a solution for user self-service
  • recommend and implement a solution for B2B integration
  • NOT: federation with ADFS or PingFederate

2.3 Design authorization

  • choose an authorization approach
  • recommend a hierarchical structure that includes management groups, subscriptions and resource groups
  • recommend an access management solution including RBAC policies, access reviews, role assignments, Privileged Identity Management (PIM), Azure AD Identity Protection, Just In Time (JIT) access

2.4 Design governance

  • recommend a strategy for tagging
  • recommend a solution for using Azure Policy
  • recommend a solution for using Azure Blueprint
  • recommend a solution that leverages Azure Resource Graph

2.5 Design security for applications

  • recommend a solution that includes KeyVault
  • What can be stored in KeyVault
  • KeyVault operations
  • KeyVault regions
  • recommend a solution that includes Managed Identities
  • recommend a solution for integrating applications into Azure AD

3. Design Data Storage (15-20%)

3.1 Design a solution for databases

  • select an appropriate data platform based on requirements
  • recommend database service tier sizing
  • recommend a solution for database scalability
  • recommend a solution for encrypting data at rest, data in transmission, and data in use

3.2 Design data integration

  • recommend a data flow to meet business requirements
  • recommend a solution for data integration, including Azure Data Factory, Azure Data Bricks, Azure Data Lake, Azure Synapse Analytics

3.3 Select an appropriate storage account

  • choose between storage tiers
  • recommend a storage access solution
  • recommend storage management tools

4. Design Business Continuity (10-15%)

4.1 Design a solution for backup and recovery

  • recommend a recovery solution for Azure hybrid and on-premises workloads that meets recovery objectives (RTO, RLO, RPO)
  • design and Azure Site Recovery solution
  • recommend a site recovery replication policy
  • recommend a solution for site recovery capacity
  • recommend a solution for site failover and failback (planned/unplanned)
  • recommend a solution for the site recovery network
  • recommend a solution for recovery in different regions
  • recommend a solution for geo-redundancy of workloads
  • recommend a solution for Azure Backup management
  • design a solution for data archiving and retention
  • recommend storage types and methodology for data archiving
  • identify business compliance requirements for data archiving
  • identify requirements for data archiving
  • identify SLA(s) for data archiving
  • recommend a data retention policy

4.2 Design for high availability

  • recommend a solution for application and workload redundancy, including compute,
  • database, and storage
  • recommend a solution for autoscaling
  • identify resources that require high availability
  • identify storage types for high availability

5. Design Infrastructure (25-30%)

5.1 Design a compute solution

  • recommend a solution for compute provisioning
  • determine appropriate compute technologies, including virtual machines, App Services, Service Fabric, Azure Functions, Windows Virtual Desktop, Batch, HPC and containers
  • recommend a solution for containers
  • AKS versus ACI and the configuration of each one
  • recommend a solution for automating compute management

5.2 Design a network solution

  • recommend a network architecture (hub and spoke, Virtual WAN)
  • recommend a solution for network addressing and name resolution
  • recommend a solution for network provisioning
  • recommend a solution for network security including
  • private link
  • firewalls
  • gateways
  • network segmentation (perimeter networks?DMZs/NVAs
  • recommend a solution for network connectivity to the Internet, on-premises networks, and other Azure virtual networks
  • recommend a solution for automating network management
  • recommend a solution for load balancing and traffic routing

5.3 Design an application architecture

  • recommend a microservices architecture including Event Grid, Event Hubs, Service Bus, Storage Queues, Logic Apps, Azure Functions, Service Fabric, AKS, Azure App Configuration and webhooks
  • recommend an orchestration solution for deployment and maintenance of applications including ARM templates, Azure Automation, Azure Pipelines, Logic Apps, or Azure Functions
  • select an automation method
  • choose which resources or lifecycle steps will be automated
  • design integration with other sources such as an ITSM solution
  • recommend a solution for monitoring automation
  • recommend a solution for API integration
  • design an API gateway strategy
  • determine policies for internal and external consumption of APIs
  • recommend a hosting structure for API management
  • recommend when and how to use API Keys

5.4 Design migrations

  • assess and interpret on-premises servers, data, and applications for migration
  • recommend a solution for migrating applications and VMs
  • recommend a solution for migration of databases
  • determine migration scope, including redundant, related, trivial, and outdated data
  • recommend a solution for migrating data (Storage Migration Service, Azure Data Box, Azure File Sync-based migration to hybrid file server)

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